Alex Chen

Alex received his Ph.D in Immunology and Virology at the University of Massachusetts. He then worked at Sanford Burnham Medical Research Institute and University of Toronto as a post-doctoral researcher studying viral immunity and biology of HIV. He is currently an active member at bitesize bio. He is looking forward to endless opportunities in medical writing and collaborative communication writing.

Articles by Alex Chen:

A Primer on Checking the Methylation State of the Genome

We all know that genes encode proteins that make up a living cell. However, the level and coordination of gene expression is really the key to the success of a living cell. One way eukaryotic cells (that’s us!) control protein expression is through addition of a methyl or hydroxymethyl group on the cytosine nucleotide. This…

04 Apr 2017 Genomics & Epigenetics

Small Particles (Things) Matter!- Introducing Nanoparticle PCR

There are many different methods and protocols on making your PCR  run more efficiently. I recently came across an interesting PCR method called “nanoparticle” PCR. This method seems to attract a lot of attention, because it enhances a PCR  by a few orders of magnitude. More interestingly, while the enhancement effect has been reported in a…

02 Mar 2017 PCR, qPCR and qRT-PCR

An Introduction to MassTag PCR

New ways to perform PCR emerge all the time. This speaks for the speed of technological advances, and reflects the ongoing need to keep up with fast-moving research. We all know that PCR’s main purpose is to amplify a stretch of nucleic acids based on sequence-specific primers. Nowadays, a wide range of PCR techniques exist,…

16 Feb 2017 PCR, qPCR and qRT-PCR

CRISPR Technology Explained: Towards a CRISPR Genome!

If you are working in the biomedical research field and you haven’t yet heard about CRISPR Cas9 gene editing technology, you have some catching up to do – but don’t worry, this article will bring you up to speed about CRISPR in no time! In the few years since the CRISPR phenomenon emerged, this technology has…

25 Jan 2017 DNA / RNA Manipulation and Analysis

A New Frontier in Protein Quantitation: AlphaLISA

If you ever worked in a biology or biochemistry laboratory, you probably already heard about ELISA. You may have even used it. But do you know what’s behind it? And how you can improve it? Let me guide you through the basics of ELISA, and introduce you to my favorite ELISA technique—AlphaLISA. First Things First… So,…

17 Jan 2017 Protein Expression & Analysis

Hydrodynamic Focusing in Flow Cytometry

If you have sorted samples or phenotyped cells by surface expression of proteins, you’ve probably wondered how each cell is sorted or phenotyped in a flow cytometer? This question seems trivial, but in reality it took a while for engineers to figure it out. Before I get into today’s topic on “hydrodynamic focusing,” I’ll walk…

10 Jan 2017 Flow Cytometry

Multiplex Cytometric Bead Array: The ABCs of CBAs

Multi-parameter data acquisition is key to the modern era of science research. I, for one, wish every single experiment that I design would give me the maximum amount of information. For example, in cell biology and immunology, we want to capture as much information (be it cytokines/hormones/chemokines) as possible about a given cell population. Of…

13 Dec 2016 Flow Cytometry

Analyzing Cell Signaling with Flow Cytometry: Go with the Flow

Phosphorylation Equals Cell Signaling! How do cells communicate and respond to their environmental cues? This question has been on the hot list for scientists ever since the discovery of the cell. Cells use signaling cascades based on biochemical reactions to deliver or receive messages. How cool is that? The major secret of cell signaling was…

11 Oct 2016 Flow Cytometry

Choosing the Right E. coli Strain for Transformation

Cloning, purifying, and expressing modified genetic material is routinely done in microbes such as Escherichia coli (E.coli). Relatives of this molecular biology workhorse normally live in the intestinal track of humans. The particular E. coli strain (K-12) that scientists use all over the world was isolated from the feces of a diphtheria patient in 1922.1…

29 Sep 2016 DNA / RNA Manipulation and Analysis

A Biologist’s Guide to Choosing Your Fluorophore Palette

You may notice that nature is full of vibrant, even fluorescent, colors. The human eye detects wavelengths ranging from 390-700 nm and our perception of colors is actually a narrow part of the light spectrum. Other organisms can detect color from a wider spectrum. Why do colors exist? Arguably, colors are communicative, from tropical fish…

01 Sep 2016 Flow Cytometry&Microscopy & Imaging