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Chelsey Kline

Chelsey gained a PhD in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology from Oregon Health and Science University School of Medicine.

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Articles by Chelsey Kline

So You Think You Can PEMSA? A Guide to Protein Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay

So You Think You Can PEMSA? A Guide to Protein Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay

By Chelsey Kline | August 7, 2019

Studying nucleic acid interactions with proteins can be accomplished using a rapid and efficient electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). This method is essentially an agarose gel electrophoresis technique that detects protein:nucleic acid interactions, as the mobility of the labeled nucleic acid will be retarded if bound to a protein (compared to unbound DNA). A lesser-known…

This is what Salmonella looks like

The art of generating single cell clones

By Chelsey Kline | January 30, 2019

Making mutations in mammalian cell lines is becoming much easier, especially with advanced molecular engineering techniques such as CRISPR/Cas9, among others. However, after making a mutation, do you know if all of the cells contain the same mutation with the same expression profiles, and are therefore homogenous? If you have 100% transfection efficiency using a…

Crash Course in Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

Crash Course in Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

By Chelsey Kline | July 18, 2018

Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) is an extremely sensitive technique for measuring the absorption and intensity of electromagnetic radiation in the infrared region of the spectrum of either a solid, liquid or gas sample. You can use FTIR to: quantify unknown compounds identify unknown compounds study the detailed structured coordination of compounds How Does Fourier…


How to Prepare Biological Metallo-Proteins

By Chelsey Kline | September 12, 2017

The first thing one might notice when working with metallo-proteins is that they offer unique, colorful reactions.  These colorful reactions are based not only on the metal, but the ligand, or coordinating molecules.  Approximately 80% of proteins contain inorganic cofactors like iron (Fe) and copper (Cu) metals necessary to catalyze a reaction.  Understanding how these…

The Nitty Gritty’s of Cell Culture Techniques

The Nitty Gritty’s of Cell Culture Techniques

By Chelsey Kline | September 7, 2017

Mammalian cell culture techniques are not something you learn from a book, per se. And because of this, it is important to be properly trained, especially in sterile techniques. It is important to keep your cell lines from contamination and just as important to keep yourself safe. Nevertheless, people tend to do things a little…

Labeling For Life - Get a Good Self-Tracking Labeling System

Labeling For Life – Get a Good Self-Tracking Labeling System

By Chelsey Kline | August 31, 2017

When you work in a laboratory, preparing samples sets for many different experiments is a large part of the job. Keeping track of your samples can be tedious or even challenging if you don’t already have a good system in place. However, getting this right is a critical part of the experimental process. In this…

night shift

The Night Shift: Experiences at a National Synchrotron

By Chelsey Kline | July 10, 2017

Pulling an over-nighter is a common theme for many of my college friends. I, however, like my sleep—particularly between midnight and 7 am. Therefore, I tend not to stay up late to study and avoided jobs that required me to work a night shift. Then, I went to grad school and had to put in…

anaerobic chambers

Advice for Working with Anaerobic Chambers

By Chelsey Kline | June 7, 2017

Working with anaerobic chambers is a unique skill set to have. It is only necessary if you are working with oxygen sensitive compounds. For example, some metallo-proteins require an oxygen free environment to stay in a reduced state, while others are sensitive and even reactive to oxygen. Sometimes working in anaerobic chambers requires a long…

Transfection Toolkit

Transfection Toolkit

By Chelsey Kline | May 24, 2017

Engineering a mutation or overexpressing a recombinant protein to study and characterize its function in mammalian cells is no easy task. Luckily, Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, which have been a mainstay in the lab since the 1950s, represent a relatively easy mammalian model system to engineer. There are several methods to choose choose from…


Don’t Let Bubbles Burst Your Experimental Excitement

By Chelsey Kline | May 22, 2017

Bubbles isn’t just the name of my favorite cartoon character from Power Puff girls, or just the best activity for a kid to play with, in general. In my adult world, they stand for a whole lot more, but can still cause extreme emotions. At the lab bench, seeing bubbles brings happiness or sadness depending…

Murphy's Law Lives in my Lab

Murphy’s Law Lives in my Lab

By Chelsey Kline | March 1, 2017

Some days are good and things run like clockwork. Then there are those other days – you know the ones – where you mutter to yourself, “Can’t anything go right today?!?!?” Those are the days you are subject to Murphy’s Law. And I am sorry to tell you “no, nothing will go right” those days…

Bottles water to highlight the different types of water in the lab

Water your choices? Understanding Types of Water in the Lab

By Chelsey Kline | February 8, 2017

If you are working in a scientific laboratory, it is very important to be aware of the various types of water available, because the purity may not be acceptable for your specific experimental application. In most labs, there are generally two types of water piped in to the sinks: Industrial Water Industrial water is non-potable…

Scientific Conferences: What to Expect Other Than Lectures and Coffee?

Scientific Conferences: What to Expect Other Than Lectures and Coffee?

By Chelsey Kline | December 14, 2016

Ever wanted to go to a conference, but don’t know what to expect, which one to go to, or how to even begin to ask your boss to let you attend a conference? Look no further! I have some suggestions on how to choose from the many great scientific conferences out there, how to get…

cold room

Working in a Cold Room Without a Parka?

By Chelsey Kline | October 10, 2016

Have you ever needed to work in a cold room for a long period of time? For example, if you need to dialyze or purify a protein of interest that is temperature sensitive, working in a 4°C cold room might be the only way to accomplish the work. Well, you are in luck. I dislike…

FTIR spectroscopy

FTIR Spectroscopy: Every Window Needs a Good Acid Wash

By Chelsey Kline | September 27, 2016

Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR spectroscopy) is a useful and exquisitely sensitive technique used to identify and quantify unknown compounds, as well as study fine molecular details. However, to obtain a meaningful IR spectrum, it is not only important to prepare the sample correctly but also to learn how to clean the apparatus that houses…

Harvest Large Quantities of Secreted Protein with Hollow Fiber Bioreactors

Harvest Large Quantities of Secreted Protein with Hollow Fiber Bioreactors

By Chelsey Kline | July 9, 2016

Mammalian cell culture techniques are not simple, and culturing the cells requires a lot of maintenance as well as patience. In addition, doubling times compared to bacterial cells can take days instead of hours, which is most evident when contamination occurs. However, implementing small-scale hollow fiber bioreactors for culturing mammalian cells can save a lot…

Counting Cells: Is There a Better Way?

Counting Cells: Is There a Better Way?

By Chelsey Kline | July 9, 2016

If you do cell culture you will inevitably need to count your cells. Counting cells can be tedious, but it is important to do accurately. Your assessed quantity of living cells will affect all your downstream applications. In this article I will not only cover how to manually count your cells and how to do…

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