Quantcast

PCR, qPCR and qRT-PCR

2015 Staff Picks: PCR & Real-time PCR

To wrap up 2015, we’re highlighting our favorite articles from the year. These articles were handpicked by our editorial staff here at Bitesize Bio. So, sit back with your cup of coffee (or beverage of choice) and enjoy these fantastic articles from 2015. First up, we have the category of PCR & Real-time PCR. Jen…

Read More

Long-Range PCR: It’s About Choosing the Right Enzyme

The ability for DNA polymerase to copy a long stretch of DNA is becoming increasingly important. Why? It has to do with the advances in our sequencing technologies. Our next generation sequencing (NGS) technology requires the DNA polymerase to copy a long stretch of DNA (sometimes up to 50kb) as NGS is churning out genetic…

Read More

Photonic PCR: When Lightening Strikes Your DNA

Before I get into today’s topic, please allow me to digress a bit and start with a few sentences that sum up the polymerase chain reaction (PCR); the grand-daddy of molecular biology. PCR, a method that is at the heart of modern day molecular biology discoveries, is a process that amplifies genetic material through our…

Read More

What Is a Ct Value?

When conducting real-time PCR, you’re looking for the exact amount of a target sequence or gene in your sample. During the PCR reaction, you measure its progress by accumulation of a fluorescent signal during amplification. But there’s also a lot of background fluorescence, which you want to bypass in order to glean meaningful information from…

Read More

Designing Luck: 8 Basic Concepts for Designing Primers for a Standard PCR

I think we all have been through those my-PCR-product-didn’t-get-amplified days. Sometimes, playing around a bit more with the PCR-conditions brings luck, or sometimes it doesn’t work at all. These days we have access to many different types of DNA polymerases, ultrapure and buffered nucleoside triphosphates, and other necessary starting materials in convenient concentrations; but still…

Read More

Get To Know Your DNA Polymerases

While most may think standard Taq is the backbone of PCR, there are many other DNA polymerase options out there. The polymerase you use has a significant impact on the efficacy of your PCR, specifically on the product yield, the purity of the product and the faithfulness with which the starting product is transcribed. Sometimes,…

Read More

To boil? Or be boiled? Saving Time With Colony PCR

Applying molecular techniques to unicellar organisms leads to many questions… Did my electroporation work? Is my vector inside my competent cell? Do I have contamination in my liquid culture? Is this the correct bacterial strain the neighboring lab promised me it is? Did the guy from the other side of the world send me the…

Read More

PCR on a shoestring: Build Your Own PCR Machine

Maybe you’re a teacher hoping to do something different, maybe you’re a student trying to drag out their funding, or maybe you just want to build something really cool. Did you know that PCR used to be done by hand? Imagine three water baths with thermometers, a timer going off every few minutes, and a…

Read More

Keeping On Top of Housekeeping Genes

Want to measure how much mRNA you have in a particular sample? Easy! Make some cDNA, add some fluorescent DNA-intercalating dye, pop it into a quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) machine and Bob’s your uncle! You have your result! Easy right…? Not so fast. As with any scientific assay, qRT-PCR requires some optimization. First, you need…

Read More

Modify Your Oligos, Modify Your Experiments

If you’ve ever performed PCR, you’re probably already very familiar with DNA oligonucleotides (or oligos). But did you know that these molecules can do so much more than just act as simple primers? You can add a wide range of modifications to your oligos, which may change the stability, binding, solubility and even visibility, to…

Read More

Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification

Loop-mediated Isothermal amplification (LAMP), is an emerging technology that allows DNA amplification at a constant temperature. The key to this principle is the use of a DNA polymerase that possesses strand displacement activity. As a result of this property there is no need for heat denaturation of double stranded DNA in order to allow primer…

Read More

qPCR: RNA Quality and Why It Matters

Gene expression analysis plays a pivotal role in a wide range of studies, including biomedical analysis and diagnostics. Of all the methods available for gene expression analysis, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) is the most rapid, sensitive, and accurate to measure mRNA, and its use in clinical diagnostics is rising steadily. RNA quality entails both purity and…

Read More

Overhang PCR

Have you ever “accidently” forgotten to add the Kozack consensus sequence to the start of a coding genes? Or forgotten to include the stop codon? Did you clone something, then realize you wanted to tag it with something? Or you just want to add restriction enzymes to your PCR product to make it easier to…

Read More

An Essential Toolbox for qPCR Users

Today, PCR is as common a feature to the lab as pipettes and beakers. The majority of us regularly need to amplify our DNA or RNA samples, sometimes for an ‘everyday’ PCR run just to check if our primers actually work, or in a quantitative (q)PCR run, where we might be comparing the levels of…

Read More