Chris is an alumnus of Concordia University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, where he completed his undergraduate degree and researched peroxisome biogenesis mutations in yeast. He has a Ph.D. in Chemistry from Carleton University in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, where he studied the comparative biochemistry and physiology of frogs that could freeze solid and thaw back to life, as naturally as we go to sleep and wake up. Chris then moved to a postdoc at Penn State, studying the regulation of protein complexes in cancer biochemistry. He is currently back in Montreal, working in the biotech industry of probiotics. His interests lie in metabolic adaptation to stress, with a focus on enzymology, reversible protein phosphorylation and signal transduction.